sources of conflicts between mining contracts and african states

Africa: conflicts and mining-induced displacement | War Resisters ...

Feb 1, 2008 ... When mining contracts are given, the immediate threat to local ... Prevailing land aquisition mechanisms in African countries give the state overriding powers to ... displacements among so many others: the gold mining in Ghana and the ... scarcity of environmental and livelihood resources, conflicts, gender ...

Conflict resources: from 'curse' to blessing | Africa Renewal

uard at an illegal diamond mine in Angola during the country's civil war. ... Taking a broad look at natural resources and conflict in Africa, it seems obvious that at the ... by publicly revealing the details of their oil contracts in Africa and elsewhere. ... state institutions, recent reforms in Africa's mining and investment codes have ...

Mining conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa: Actors and repertoires of ...

water and land resources, over the effects on local livelihoods, on gender ... Conflicts between civil society, state actors and mining companies ... protested against the lack of transparency regarding agreements between the international.

Concession Stands: How Mining Investments Incite Protest in Africa

Is Conflict Around Mines Inevitable? ... even governments in African states are unable to fully exploit ... To secure this social license, companies need to negotiate agreements with their host ... enough to induce conflict between the company and its host community.

Conflict Minerals in Central Africa: U.S. and International Responses

Jul 20, 2012 ... to break the link between mineral commerce and conflict in central Africa ... decades of state neglect and depredation under Mobutu's rule. ... Report R40956, Sexual Violence in African Conflicts, by Alexis Arieff, among many other sources. ... Global Witness, “NGOs Fear that DRC Mining Contract Review ...

Minerals in Conflict - Global Policy Forum

Rebel groups, governments and mining companies exploit mineral resources, fueling civil ... analyses below follow the dark nexus between mineral riches and bloody conflict. ... Since the early 2000s, The United Nations Group of Experts and many ... and Africa to conclude contracts granting it access to natural resources.

Responding to the Challenge of Fragility in West Africa - World Bank ...

Natural Resources, Extractive Industry Investment, and Social Conflict ... Indeed, porous and contested borders between West African states remain zones of ... terms of mining license agreements or the monitoring of environmental and social ...

Africa in Conflict and Crisis - Stanford University

The conflict in Sierra Leone is not a civil war, but a rebel war based on ... At first, the mining of Sierra Leone's diamond resources was a legal, economic endeavor. ... Additionally, there exist many formal and informal agreements between state ...

Behind the Problem of Conflict Minerals in DR Congo: Governance ...

The first attempt to police the trade in minerals came from the United Nations and ... series of resolutions about the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the DRC. ... relations between armed groups and those involved in the trade of minerals. ... Indeed, there are five instances of an industrial mining company contracting ...

Mining Conflicts and Corporate Social Responsibility in Kenya's ...

Jul 11, 2018 ... This work reviews mining conflicts in Africa and examines how CSR can ... Private property, state ownership, and communally defined rights coexist in an ... this as the dominant source of conflict in mining operations [15, 17, 18]. ... they were made to sign additional “agreements” on August 9th and 15th, ...

Africa: conflicts and mining-induced displacement | War Resisters ...

Feb 1, 2008 ... When mining contracts are given, the immediate threat to local ... Prevailing land aquisition mechanisms in African countries give the state overriding powers to ... displacements among so many others: the gold mining in Ghana and the ... scarcity of environmental and livelihood resources, conflicts, gender ...

Conflict resources: from 'curse' to blessing | Africa Renewal

uard at an illegal diamond mine in Angola during the country's civil war. ... Taking a broad look at natural resources and conflict in Africa, it seems obvious that at the ... by publicly revealing the details of their oil contracts in Africa and elsewhere. ... state institutions, recent reforms in Africa's mining and investment codes have ...

Mining conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa: Actors and repertoires of ...

water and land resources, over the effects on local livelihoods, on gender ... Conflicts between civil society, state actors and mining companies ... protested against the lack of transparency regarding agreements between the international.

Concession Stands: How Mining Investments Incite Protest in Africa

Is Conflict Around Mines Inevitable? ... even governments in African states are unable to fully exploit ... To secure this social license, companies need to negotiate agreements with their host ... enough to induce conflict between the company and its host community.

Conflict Minerals in Central Africa: U.S. and International Responses

Jul 20, 2012 ... to break the link between mineral commerce and conflict in central Africa ... decades of state neglect and depredation under Mobutu's rule. ... Report R40956, Sexual Violence in African Conflicts, by Alexis Arieff, among many other sources. ... Global Witness, “NGOs Fear that DRC Mining Contract Review ...

Minerals in Conflict - Global Policy Forum

Rebel groups, governments and mining companies exploit mineral resources, fueling civil ... analyses below follow the dark nexus between mineral riches and bloody conflict. ... Since the early 2000s, The United Nations Group of Experts and many ... and Africa to conclude contracts granting it access to natural resources.

Responding to the Challenge of Fragility in West Africa - World Bank ...

Natural Resources, Extractive Industry Investment, and Social Conflict ... Indeed, porous and contested borders between West African states remain zones of ... terms of mining license agreements or the monitoring of environmental and social ...

Africa in Conflict and Crisis - Stanford University

The conflict in Sierra Leone is not a civil war, but a rebel war based on ... At first, the mining of Sierra Leone's diamond resources was a legal, economic endeavor. ... Additionally, there exist many formal and informal agreements between state ...

Behind the Problem of Conflict Minerals in DR Congo: Governance ...

The first attempt to police the trade in minerals came from the United Nations and ... series of resolutions about the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the DRC. ... relations between armed groups and those involved in the trade of minerals. ... Indeed, there are five instances of an industrial mining company contracting ...

Mining Conflicts and Corporate Social Responsibility in Kenya's ...

Jul 11, 2018 ... This work reviews mining conflicts in Africa and examines how CSR can ... Private property, state ownership, and communally defined rights coexist in an ... this as the dominant source of conflict in mining operations [15, 17, 18]. ... they were made to sign additional “agreements” on August 9th and 15th, ...

The Rise in Conflict Associated with Mining Operations - Canadian ...

Africa. While the literature review and conflict incident database analysis ... The focus here is on social conflicts over mineral resources that manifest most often at the ... and practices of mining companies, and to a lesser extent of state institutions, ... these objectives are formal agreements between mining companies and ...

Developing and Managing Congo's Natural Resources | United ...

Jul 1, 2007 ... During the war, those natural resources fueled the conflict, and provided ... The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the most mineral-rich countries in Africa. ... Panelists included Rico Carisch, of the United Nations Group of ... Insecurity and Questionable Contracts in Congo's Mining Sector.

From Curse to Blessing: How Africa's Natural Resources Can Build ...

Jul 18, 2016 ... The AU adopted the African Mining Vision in 2009, followed by a corresponding ... of West African States' 2008 Conflict Prevention Framework includes ... promote conflict- and climate-sensitive contracts between all parties.

Conflict and Coexistence in the Extractive Industries - Chatham House

Chatham House Energy, Environment, and Resources Department: Felix Preston ... Clashes over the terms of mineral contracts have become a political lightning rod in ... The contract between government and extractive companies is inherently ... In several states, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, generational change will ...

Managing mining for sustainable development - UNDP

are increasingly generating conflicts between mining companies and ... rely on contracts to fill legal and regulatory gaps. This may not be ... Source: Based on United Nations Human Rights Council 2008. The State duty to ... South Africa, have started documenting the huge ... 453 violent conflicts between mining companies ...

Reconsidering Sovereignty, Ownership and Consent in Natural ...

Dec 26, 2018 ... Contracts between investors and states have provided the legal basis for ... mining, oil and gas sectors—have fostered lively discussions over whether ... and indigenous groups—for example in Canada and South Africa. ... is often among the root causes of conflicts associated with natural resource projects.

Enforcing the Rules: Government and Citizen Oversight of Mining

Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act (South Africa) ... Part 1 addresses this issue and makes the distinction between contractual regimes ... form of a license, permit or contract depending on the legal framework in the ... State-owned oil and mining companies may also present conflicts of interest, particularly.

Resolving disputes in Africa's mining sector | White & Case LLP

Mar 15, 2019 ... Disputes with the host state: Interaction between the mining company and the ... the use of international arbitration in mining/foreign investment contracts ... quality issues or compliance issues (such as conflict minerals, child labor, ... in the South African Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act of ...

Natural Resources in 2020, 2030, and 2040 - Office of the Director of ...

Threats to States of Interest to the United States ... Many have also argued that the struggle for the control of resources has been a major driver of conflicts ... interconnection among resources emanates from their joint dependence on stable ... mining and long-term contracts for coal may significantly affect the global market.

Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Sector - OECD

may exist where an official has private-capacity interests which could cause a conflict of ... Definition: A conflict of interest involves a conflict between the public duty and ... duties on behalf of the State, a government, or a government organisation, ... [Refer to functional duty statement, position description, law, or contract of.

Mining in Africa - IDRC

United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo ... Project for the Governance of Mining Resources (Madagascar) ... calls for mining codes to be revised, mining contracts to be renegotiated and remedial measures ... The period also witnessed growing conflicts between mining companies and communities over ...

Mining, Environment and Community Conflicts - Core

Keywords: Environmental Resources, Conflicts, Ghana, Gold Mining, and Livelihood ... resources. In Africa, a continent with arguably a larger proportion of the ... mining broken promises and lack of working agreements between mines and ... out of a merger between the state owned Ashanti Goldfields Corporation and the.

Living with conflicts in Ghana's Prestea mining area: Is community ...

Indeed, the relationship between the local community and GSR is a battleground on ... What are the sources and causes of conflicts in the Prestea mining area? ... a limited liability company in 1965 under the name State Gold Mining Corporation (SGMC). ... The concept of social contract means that a company functions in a ...

A Comprehensive Approach to Congo's Conflict Minerals - Strategy ...

Apr 24, 2009 ... The United States and other policymakers and activists can ... The conflict minerals supply chain: From Congolese mines to ... a comprehensive review and renegotiation of all mining contracts since ... In addition to the above efforts to break the link between conflict and trade in natural resources, substantial ...

Summary of the Major Laws of the Department of Labor | U.S. ...

If you worked for a private company or a state government, you should contact the ... and medical benefits to coal miners totally disabled from pneumoconiosis ("black ... (also known as the Landrum-Griffin Act) deals with the relationship between a ... The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) administers ...

Apple's Conflict Minerals Report

Feb 6, 2020 ... Apple conducts robust due diligence on the source and chain of custody of 3TG in ... 3TG are among the 14 materials prioritized in Apple's initial efforts to ... monitoring tin, tantalum, and tungsten mines across the African Great Lakes ... DRC national army, and/or non-state armed groups in connection with a ...

Resource–conflict links in Sierra Leone and the Democratic ... - Sipri

Feb 18, 2008 ... abundant resources in Africa increase the risk of conflict, it is clear that ... 'Sierra Leone: government probes unrest in diamond-mining area', 20 Dec. ... cancel contracts signed between foreign companies and the state-owned.

Unpacking the Africa Mining Vision - Oxfam International

African Union in 2009 to ensure that Africa utilizes its mineral resources ... the strategic use of mineral resources in Africa. It charts a ... pressure to enter into unfair mining deals and contracts, and to hand out tax ... AU member states should expedite national implementation of the AMV by ... resource-driven conflict in Africa.

Final Rule: Conflict Minerals - SEC.gov

Aug 22, 2012 ... 6 The term “conflict mineral” is defined in Section 1502(e)(4) of the Act as ... and desperate poverty in Africa threatens the United States' core value of ... due diligence on the minerals' source and chain of custody.21 Under Exchange Act ... conflict minerals), and I (stating that the final rule must, among other ...

Mining industry of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Wikipedia

In the DRC, there are wars both between Congolese and conflicts with neighboring nations. Although these wars have components of intertribal conflict, in several ...

Minerals and Africa's Development - United Nations Economic ...

Apr 1, 2011 ... mineral development contracts are ample evidence of this. Te Africa Mining Vision, ... this report - that the continent's vast mineral resources can play a ... for conflicts between mining firms and communities in mining areas.

Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining - World Resources Report

environmental and social impacts from mining, as well as key regulatory issues. ... proportion of the materials flows inputs and outputs in the United States can be ... Recent concerns regarding the potential conflicts between mining and other ... Oilfants Catchments in South Africa,” Contract Report to Mining, Minerals, and ...

An Overview of Seabed Mining Including the Current State of ...

Jan 10, 2018 ... However, exploration contracts for deep-sea resources have been awarded to ... Other impacts include conflict with other users of the sea, such as the ... a manganese nodule with associated fauna, (C) Black smoker (vent) on ...

Community Agreements and Mining: A New ... - OEF Research

harness their natural resources for equitable sustainable development. ... conflicts and poverty among mine-affected communities persist. ... “resource curse,” the paradoxical situation in which resource-rich nations find large segments of their populations still mired in ... Convention on Human Rights (1969), and the African.

cmireport - Chr. Michelsen Institute

The Tanzanian legislation does not differentiate between artisanal and small scale mining, but ... One of the main sources for conflict about mining at the local level in ... Tanzania has signed the United Nations Agreements on Human Rights. ... “The Africans held their land under 'customary law', and their deemed Rights of.

Natural Resources, the Environment and Conflict - Africa Portal

In many of the protracted conflicts in Africa, the control of natural resources and land ... conflict from erupting; negotiating and implementing durable peace agreements; ... the distinction between natural resource factors and environmental factors or ... state-owned mining company, controls copper and cobalt interests, but ...

How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War? - jstor

primary commodities face a higher risk of civil war than resource-poor states. ... and Gates show that the presence of mineral resources in a conflict zone tends ... resources and conflict in the thirteen cases: foreign intervention, futures contracts ... wars in the mineral-rich states of Central and West Africa--including Liberia, Si-.

Southern Africa - European and African interaction in the 19th ...

Ivory became the most important export from west-central Africa, satisfying the growing ... of the century; indeed, oral sources attribute the first battles to conflicts over land. ... between the Tugela and Pongola rivers into a centralized military state. ... The conjuncture of speculation in mining futures and land, the imposition of ...

Barrick details proposal to settle Acacia dispute with Tanzania ...

Feb 20, 2019 ... Canadian miner Barrick Gold outlined on Wednesday details of a deal it ... Flag of United States ... to resolve all outstanding tax claims in the East African country. ... in a prolonged conflict with the government tearing up mining contracts, ... A source at Acacia said the company planned to meet Barrick next ...

Contracts Sustainable Development Extractive industries Africa ...

We focus on EU foreign policy and European and African policies related to conflict, migration, ... for a Sustainable development of Extractive industries in africa ... the benefits of this sector remained very limited for resources-rich countries and, for ... of contracts for mining investments between states and foreign companies.